29 Sep 10 things you did not know about Poblat Ibèric de Ca n’Oliver
There is no doubt that visiting Sardañola del Vallés, as well as the region of the Vallès Occidental, helps us to discover countless natural, architectural and historical treasures such as this, Poblat Ibèric de Can n’Oliver. Did you know that it was inhabited at least 2,500 years ago?
Very close to the Riera de San Cugat and a safe distance from the population center of Cerdanyola o Sardañola del Vallés is one of the best preserved and most popular Iberian deposits in the province of Barcelona. Strolling through the Poblat Ibèric de Ca n’Oliver is to do it on the vestiges of some of the first inhabitants of this important region in the surrounding map of this Catalan province. Ideal to visit during any part of the year, Poblat Ibèric de Ca n’Oliver never disappoints and offers an interesting return to the past as well as enjoy and contemplate constructions that once witnessed a full, bustling and full of neighbors. We tell you 10 curiosities that you should know about Poblat Ibèric de Ca n’Oliver.
- It was inhabited since the fourth century BC. C until the fifth century of our era, although according to archaeological remains seems to have become habitable during the Middle Ages.
- Walking along Poblat Ibèric de Ca n’Oliver you can see how this is strategically located on a hill. It was normal at the time, from there the high was contemplated the whole territory.
- Its composition was formed by fields of cultivation, in turn divided into terraces as well as small agricultural nuclei. There were houses that were gradually enlarged to meet the needs of a growing population.
- It lived in its peak period when a great access to it was built in the Poblat Ibèric de Ca n’Oliver, a protection pit as well as a field of silos with the aim of storing surplus agricultural production. These were a great sustenance for the town since they were commercialized with other Mediterranean towns.
- According to different historians, the total destruction of the town happened during the famous second Punic war (218 BC – 206 BC).
- Although later recovered, the arrival of the Romans caused the Iberians to leave.
- In the middle of medieval times, about the 10th century, it was inhabited by taking advantage of the old Iberian buildings. Although it was used rather as a defensive network in this area of Vallés.
- The Poblat Ibèric de Ca n’Oliver was discovered in 1919 but the excavations did not begin until 1954. Then they returned to suffer an abandoned one until recovering in 1986 in charge of the Collective of Archaeological Searches of Cerdanyola and later by the Patrimony Service of the local town hall.
- It is not the only Iberian rest in Sardañola, they have also been found in other locations such as Can Xercavins, silos in Bellaterra and even an Iberian-Roman site in the Faculty of Medicine of the UAB.
It had a main street and the houses were overlapping each other.
- From time to time, the CRAC (Cerdanyola Archaelogical Center for Reconstruction) and the Ca n’Oliver Museum carry out theatrical visits to Poblat Ibèric de Ca n’Oliver.
In November 1999 the first phase of the museum was inaugurated. Since then, the findings restored during the previous year have been cataloged annually. At the moment you can see the well-defined streets, as well as houses and other remains, accessible to the public.
On 1 October 20101 the Iberian Museum of Ca n’Oliver was inaugurated, located in the old quarry of the village, where the large volume of objects recovered in the excavations is shown, integrating the town in the «Route of the Iberians» , a cultural tourism project of the Museum of Archeology of Catalonia with the aim of spreading the Iberian culture in Catalonia. Many of the objects exhibited could be seen previously in the Museum of Sardañola.